Climate protection and the needs of industry – we combine the two

We build infrastructure for the transportation of CO2, thereby facilitating a circular economy around CO2. Within this cycle, we move CO2 from the place of its capture to the destination of its further use or storage.

This way, we combine our efforts towards climate protection with the economic and ecological interests of our customers.

To achieve sustainable climate protection in line with the Paris Agreement on international climate protection (COP21) and the German climate protection goals, we need renewable energies, green gases, and avoidance of CO2 emissions. To intensively support this, OGE is providing a hydrogen infrastructure.

Nevertheless, in a number of industrial production processes CO2 emissions are unavoidable 1: Cement, lime and glass production, for example, will have to emit CO2 in future, too 234. Conversely, the entire organic chemical industry with its downstream value chains needs carbon as a raw material 5.

Circular economy

Offsetting of CO2 emissions through the purchase of CO2 certificates can only be a long-term perspective for avoidable emissions. For unavoidable emissions, a circular economy centered around CO2 can be an efficient alternative for climate protection and for businesses 6.

Climate protection

Avoiding CO2 Emissions
Renewable energies and green gases
Climate-neutral handling of CO2 and carbon

Use our infrastructure for a climate-neutral energy system

A climate-neutral energy system requires various infrastructures: for electricity, gas, hydrogen, and also for CO2 78.

We work on your behalf, connecting the locations where CO2 is produced, used, or needs to be stored.

We are already planning this CO2 infrastructure with initial projects and routes. As one of the leading transmission system operators in Europe, we have the expertise and the technical prerequisites for the development of this kind of infrastructure.

Our CO2 transportation grid

The transportation grid consists of the CO2 starter grid and expansion routes. With a length of 964 km, the planned CO2 starter grid is set to transport 18.8 million tons of CO2 in future. We would like to develop both, the CO2 starter grid and the expansion routes, flexibly according to transport demand. Currently we assume that the infra­structure will be completely rebuilt.

This way, we connect locations where CO2 is captured, such as the cement and lime industries, with places where CO2 is used, like the chemical industry – all with the goal of a circular economy. We also link up locations where CO2 is captured with relevant port facilities like Wilhelmshaven.

Are you interested in using this CO2 transportation grid? Then get in touch with us!

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Are you interested in using this CO2 transportation grid? Then get in touch with us!

go to contact

What does OGE achieve through transportation of CO2?

By transporting CO2 between its capture and utilization or its storage, we support the long-term, climate-neutral management of this greenhouse gas 910.

  • CO2 capture instead of CO2 emission
  • Use as a raw material in a CO2 circular economy or long-term binding in products
  • CO2 storage

Unavoidable CO2 emissions

In spite of all the measures towards decarbonisation, there are still unavoidable CO2 emissions in branches of industry that do not have alternative processes, products and resources for the same use case.

CO2 capture

Unavoidable CO2 emissions from industry are collected largely through CO2 capture – either from the air or directly at the source of the emissions.

CO2 transportation

OGE transports the captured CO2 through its pipeline infrastructure: for use as part of the circular economy or for storage.

CO2 utilization

CCU (Carbon Capture and Utilization) refers to the usage of previously captured CO2.

In the long term, carbon or hydrocarbons will still be needed in a climate-neutral system; for example, for air and sea transport or for the chemical industry. For this, the recycling of products containing carbon is becoming ever more important.

But because the need cannot be met through recycling alone, additional CCU measures must be applied. In the glossary, you will find further examples of use of CO2.

CO2 circular economy

Recycling of emitted CO2 results in a circular economy. This circular economy is a key element for a competitive transformation of value chains. A circular carbon economy like this makes it possible to combine climate protection and resource conservation.

CO2 storage

The CO2 can also be transported to the place where it is to be stored.

As a general rule, CO2 can be stored as soon as it is captured (CCS Carbon Capture and Storage), as well as after capture and usage (CCUS Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage).

Our partners

The energy transition will only work if businesses and stakeholders cooperate across value chains as well as products and develop and drive forward initiatives together.

Tree Energy Solutions (TES) is a green hydrogen company supplying long term non-intermittent carbon-neutral energy on demand at large scale.

TES’s prime objective is to accelerate the energy transition by leveraging existing global energy infrastructure to reach customers with green hydrogen, green gas and green power while accelerating the phase out of fossil fuels from the energy system globally and introducing a circular carbon economy.

The company was founded by the Belgian investment company AtlasInvest which has an established track record in the energy sector and has invested increasingly in renewable energy projects.

CO2 transport as a focus of policymakers

Forecasts of CO2 emissions

Despite all decarbonisation efforts in industry and in the energy sector, without CO2 capture and storage, in the year 2045 there will still be approx. 42 million tons of CO2 equivalent emitted every year. Of these, approx. 26 million tons come from process emissions that are extremely hard to avoid, primarily from the cement and chemical industries.

Around 24 million tons of CO2 can be captured and stored each year. Forecasts suggest it is possible to recycle a further 10 million tons of CO2 per year after capture.11

OGE aims to use its own CO2 transport infrastructure to help Germany to achieve its climate targets.

German industry and energy sector in 2045

Agreements and strategies in Europe, Germany and NRW

European Commission Communication: Sustainable Carbon Cycles

In December 2021, the European Commission adopted the Communication “Sustainable Carbon Cycles”. It contains three key measures for achieving the European climate goals:

  • Decarbonisation
  • Carbon recycling and circular economy with CCU
  • CCS12

Coalition agreement of the German Federal Government

The coalition agreement between the SPD, Alliance 90/The Greens, and the FDP states, in the chapter on ‘Transformation of the Economy’: “We acknowledge the necessity of technical negative emissions as well, and will develop a long-term strategy for dealing with the approximately five percent of unavoidable residual emissions.”13

Long-term scenarios by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection

The Long-Term Scenarios 3 published in December 2021 for the Industry module incorporate CCU and CCS as options for capturing remaining process-related emissions in cement and lime production after primary CO2 avoidance. Among the possibilities for CO2-neutral industrial production is the CO2 cycle over the plastics lifecycle, including the infrastructure for CO2 capture and transportation, as well as CO2 capture and storage.14

Carbon Management Strategy of the State of NRW

The Ministry of Economic Affairs, Innovation, Digitalisation and Energy of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (MWIDE) published the Carbon Management Strategy for the state in October 2021, which addresses four areas of action: decarbonisation, sustainable carbon use, CO2 management and social discourse. A crucial element for climate-neutral industry in NRW is considered to be a circular carbon economy, along with holistic management of CO2 by means of capture, transportation, utilization and storage, since full decarbonisation is not possible, it states. The strategy also points out that a pipeline-based CO2 infrastructure is required for the industrial scale in NRW.15

Can I buy and sell CO2 through OGE?

As an infrastructure operator, OGE exclusively markets transport capacities and is not active in commodities in any transport medium. For the commodity sector, OGE has teamed up with strong partners.

Why should I have CO2 transported via pipelines and not through other means of transportation?

Transport infrastructure is needed for transportation to both, storage sites and to ultimate further utilization of CO2. The possible means of transport are truck, rail or ship transport as well as pipeline transportation. Here though, truck and rail transport are practical only for small quantities and short distances, while ships and pipelines are also suitable for larger volumes and greater distances. Pipeline transportation, however, offers a cost advantage for high capacities. Hence, in the long term, pipeline infrastructure has a task to connect particularly the major industrial locations where CO2 occurs as process emissions and those where CO2 is required as a raw material.1617

Why should I register my CO2 transportation requirements with OGE? Whom can I contact?

OGE operates the biggest gas transmission grid in Germany with around 12,000 km of pipelines. It has many years of experience as an infrastructure operator, as well as excellent know-how in pipeline construction and the transport business. Furthermore, OGE has teamed up with strong partners for CO2 infrastructure operation. Please feel free to contact us with your transport request at co2@oge.net.

I have a demand for CO2. Where does it come from?

OGE works with partners who capture the process-related or energy-related CO2 emissions in line with EU regulations. We transport this CO2 from one of our partners to you.

I would like to have CO2 removed. Where does it go?

OGE works with partners who are responsible for CO2 storage and partners where CO2 is used as a raw material or permanently bound in products. We transport your CO2 to one of our partners, where it will be further processed or stored in line with EU regulations.